Craps bets and odds

Learn how betting decisions affect the house edge in craps.

Determining odds in craps is more complicated than most casino games. In craps, there are lots of betting types which all have different associated odds and it sometimes takes many rolls to resolve wagers.

Defining craps

Casino mathematician, Michael ‘The Wizard of Odds’ Shackleford, therefore recommends defining the house edge in craps in three ways:

  • Per bet
  • Per bet resolution
  • Per roll

This page will list the different betting options available to players in casino craps, with these three definitions of the house edge, along with the pay-out odds.

The craps table

As with other table games, craps bets are made by placing chips in sectors which are labelled according to betting options.

craps table

Bet types

craps pass

Pass

The simplest craps bet and one that novices should stick with. Chips are placed on the pass line during a come on roll and receive even money on rolls of 7 or 11. When it comes to the point round, pass bets pay even money on the point roll.

House edge per: Bet: 1.41% | Resolution: 1.41% | Roll: 0.42%
Pays: 1/1
craps pass line

The odds

Also known as ‘taking the odds', this is a side bet made after a point roll is thrown and pays if the point appears before a 7. Chips are placed just behind the pass line, closest to the player. As the house has no discernible edge on odds bets, there are limits to how much can be wagered on them.

House edge per: Bet: 0.00% | Resolution: 0.00% | Roll: 0.00%
Pays: 3-4-5 x odds (3x pass bet after a point of 4 or 10, 4 x after 5 or 9 and 5x after 6 or 8).
craps dont pass

Don’t pass

Almost the exact opposite of the pass line bet. Chips are placed on the ‘don’t pass bar’ during the come on phase. Pays even money on a 2 and 3 during the come on phase and during the point phase if a 7 comes before the point.

House edge per: Bet: 1.36% | Resolution: 1.40% | Roll: 0.40%
Pays: 1/1.
craps lay

Laying the odds

Players bet against a point before 7 during the point phase after placing a don’t pass bet during the come on phase. Chips are laid just outside of the don’t pass bar to indicate laying the odds. As with odds bets, the 0% edge means the amount of cash you can hazard on this side bet is limited by the casino.

House edge per: Bet: 0.00% | Resolution: 0.00% | Roll: 0.00%
Pays: 3-4-5 x odds (3x pass bet after a point of 4 or 10, 4 x after 5 or 9 and 5x after 6 or 8).
craps dont come bar

Come, don’t come

Exactly the same as a pass/don’t pass bets, except they are made at any time other than a come on roll. Accordingly, you can take or lay the odds during the point phase. Chips are placed in the come/don’t come segments of the table.

House edge per: Bet: 1.41%/1.36% | Resolution: 1.41%/1.40% | Roll: 0.42%/0.40%
Pays: 1/1
craps place

Place

In craps, 4,5,6,8,9 and 10 are known as ‘place numbers'. Place bets pay if the number appears before 7. Chips are placed on numbered segments of the table.

6 & 8

House edge per: Bet: 0.46% | Resolution: 1.52% | Roll: 0.46%
Pays: 7/6

5 & 9

House edge per: Bet: 1.11% | Resolution: 4.00% | Roll: 1.11%
Pays: 7/5

4 & 10

House edge per: Bet: 1.67% | Resolution: 6.67% | Roll: 1.67%
Pays: 9/5
craps place lose

Place to lose

The literal opposite of place bets. Place to lose bets pay out on a 7 and lose on the number bet against. This betting type is only available in land-based Australian and British casinos, but can be found in many online casinos. Chips are placed in the empty space outside the numbered square on the table, closest to the player.

6 & 8

House edge per: Bet: 0.56% | Resolution: 1.82% | Roll: 0.56%
Pays: 4/5

5 & 9

House edge per: Bet: 0.69% | Resolution: 2.50% | Roll: 0.69%
Pays: 5/8

4 & 10

House edge per: Bet: 0.76% | Resolution: 3.03% | Roll: 0.76%
Pays: 5/11
craps buy

Buy

Similar place bets, but with different odds. To make a buy bet you also have to pay a 5% commission (although in some casinos, the commission on the 4 and 10 is only charged on wins). Chips go in the same segment a place bet, with commission settled between the player and dealer. The odds listed below factor in the commission except where noted.

6 & 8

House edge per: Bet: 1.46% | Resolution: 4.87% | Roll: 1.47%
Pays: 4/5

5 & 9

House edge per: Bet: 1.32% | Resolution: 4.76% | Roll: 1.32%
Pays: 5/8

4 & 10 (commission paid always)

House edge per: Bet: 1.32% | Resolution: 4.76% | Roll: 1.32%
Pays: 5/11

4 & 10 (commission paid on wins only)

House edge per: Bet: 0.42% | Resolution: 1.67% | Roll: 0.42%
Pays: 5/11
craps lay

Lay

Lay bets are the same as place to lose bets, but with different odds. As with a buy bet, you must pay a 5% commission on lay bets, although this might only be charged on wins for 4 and 10 bets, depending on the casino. Also as with a place to lose bet, chips go in the empty segment behind the numbered squares on the table. The odds listed below factor in the commission except where noted.

6 & 8

House edge per: Bet: 1.22% | Resolution: 4.00% | Roll: 1.22%
Pays: 4/5

5 & 9

House edge per: Bet: 0.90% | Resolution: 3.23% | Roll: 0.90%
Pays: 5/8

4 & 10 (commission paid always)

House edge per: Bet: 0.61% | Resolution: 2.44% | Roll: 0.61%
Pays: 5/11

4 & 10 (commission paid on wins only)

House edge per: Bet: 0.42% | Resolution: 1.67% | Roll: 0.42%
Pays: 5/11
craps big 6 n 8

Big 6 & 8

Big 6 and 8 are the same as place bets on 6 and 8, but pay even money. However, the odds are much longer. Chips are placed on the large 6 and 8 segments at the corner of the pass line.

House edge per: Bet: 2.78% | Resolution: 9.09% | Roll: 2.78%
Pays: 1/1
craps hard ways

Hard ways

Rolling an even number with the same value on both dice is known as the ‘hard way', versus the ‘easy way’ of rolling an even number with two different values. Thus, a hard eight would be 4-4 and an easy eight could be 5-3.

There are four hard way bets (on 4, 6, 8 and 10) which win by rolling the elected number the ‘hard way’, losing on any other outcome. Hard way bets are placed on a side table in segments illustrated with dice displaying ‘hard way’ rolls.

Hard 6 & 8

House edge per: Bet: 2.78% | Resolution: 9.09% | Roll: 2.78%
Pays: 9/1

Hard 4 & 10

House edge per: Bet: 2.78% | Resolution: 11.11% | Roll: 2.78%
Pays: 7/1
craps put bets

Put bets

A pass or come bet that skips the come on roll is known as a ‘put bet'. These pay-out identically to odds and lays: 3-4-5x. However, the house edge on put bets is MASSIVE, so we would advise against them.

6 & 8

House edge: 9.09%

5 & 9

House edge: 20.00%

4 & 10

House edge: 33.33%

All Pays: 3-4-5 x odds (3x pass bet after a point of 4 or 10, 4 x after 5 or 9 and 5x after 6 or 8).

Proposition bets

Proposition (‘prop’) bets are all resolved in one throw, meaning the house edge is fixed (and rather steep).

For prop bets, chips should be placed on the side table within segments illustrated with dice corresponding to your bet (usually this part of the table will be labelled ‘PROPOSITION BETS’).

You can make combinations of prop bets, including a ‘horn’ bet, which is divided equally between 2, 3, 11, and 12 (this can be doubled with a ‘horn high’ bet) and five ‘world’ bets divided across the same four numbers.

Prop bets really are a punt, have very unfavourable odds and cannot be optimised. Therefore, you would be wise to give them a miss.

Type of Bet Pay-out Ways to win Ways to lose Probability % to win House edge
2, 12 & all "hard" hop bets 29 to 1 1 35 2.78% 16.67%
3, 11 & all "easy" hop bets 14 to 1 2 34 5.56% 16.67%
Any craps (2, 3 or 12) 7.5 to 1 4 32 11.11% 5.56%
Any seven 4 to 1 6 30 16.67% 16.67%

 

craps field bets

Field bets

The final type of bet is is also fixed-odds, but presents far better prospects for the player. A field bet is a one-time wager that the next roll will be a 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 11 or 12. All winning field bets pay even cash, except 2 (which pays 2/1) and 12 (which pay 3/1). Chips should be placed in the field segment of the table, behind the ‘don’t pass’ bar. The house edge for field bets is 2.78%.

The right casinos to play craps

Phew! Now that you’ve learned all the craps bets, you can start playing at our recommended casinos for online craps today ...

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